In Moore v. Dempsey, the Supreme Court ruled that twelve African Americans in Arkansas had been unfairly tried and convicted of murder based on a “wave of public passion.” The case was returned to the Arkansas court, which eventually freed the defendants.
The Keating-Owen Child Labor Act, the first child labor bill, was signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson. The Act regulated child labor by banning the sale of products made by companies that employed children under certain ages. The bill was struck down by the Supreme Court in 1918.
In the case of Schenck v. United States, the Supreme Court ruled that the right to free speech can be limited during wartime if it creates a “clear and present danger”: “When a nation is at war many things that might be said in time of peace are such a hindrance to its effort that their utterance will not be endured so long as men fight and that no Court could regard them as protected by any constitutional right.”