- ›› Coverage Organizations : PIlgrims
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Glossary Term – Event
Pilgrims seeking religious freedom arrived in the New World aboard the Mayflower. On November 11, 1620, they signed the Mayflower Compact, the first governing document of Plymouth.
Glossary Term – Organization
Pilgrims were early settlers in the Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts. They fled England as separatists from the Church of England and arrived in the New World with the aim of establishing a community where they could practice their religion without persecution.
Glossary Term – Person
Squanto (ca. 1580–1622) was a Patuxet Indian who acted as an interpreter and de facto intermediary between the Wampanoag Indians and Pilgrim settlers at Plymouth. Previously, he had been captured and taken to England by Captain Thomas Hunt in 1614.
Glossary Term – Place
Plymouth was founded in 1620 by Pilgrims (Separatists and Anglicans) who had fled England in search of religious freedom.
Jill Lepore, Professor of Early American History at Harvard University, draws on scholarship from her book, The Name of War: King Philip's War and the Origins of American Identity, to trace how the meanings attached to this brutally destructive war have changed as the attitudes about historical actors and the political pressures on those actors have changed. Lepore examines early colonial accounts that depict King Philip’s men as savages and interpret the war as a punishment from God, discusses how the narrative of the war was...
Much of what is known about early Wampanoag history comes from archaeological evidence, the Wampanoag oral tradition (much of which has been lost), and documents created by seventeenth-century English colonists.
The Wampanoag people have lived in southeastern New England for thousands of years. In 1600 there were as many as 12,000 Wampanoag who lived in forty villages. Both oral tradition and archaeological evidence suggests that Native peoples lived in the area for 10,000 years. Wampanoag...
Why should we...
This unit is part of Gilder Lehrman’s series of Common Core State Standards–based teaching resources. These units were developed to enable students to understand, summarize, and analyze original texts of historical significance. Through this step-by-step process, students will acquire the skills to analyze any primary or secondary source material.
Over the course of three lessons the students will analyze sources about the voyage of the Pilgrims to America aboard the...