Democratic nominee and Arkansas governor Bill Clinton won the presidential election over incumbent Republican George H. W. Bush and Independent candidate Ross Perot. Though Bush had used the success of the Persian Gulf War as a campaign point, Clinton’s focus on the economy propelled him to the win.
Republican Ronald Reagan defeated incumbent Jimmy Carter for the presidency. Reagan’s campaign was aided by the poor economy and Carter’s failure to successfully put an end to the Iranian hostage crisis.
Democratic Senator Barack Obama of Illinois became the first African American elected to the presidency. He defeated Republican nominee Senator John McCain of Arizona. Obama won 365 electoral votes to McCain’s 173.
Bill Clinton was re-elected president over Republican nominee Bob Dole and Reform Party candidate Ross Perot. Though Republicans had attacked Clinton on moral issues, the President’s handling of the economy helped him capture 379 electoral votes to Dole’s 159.