Congress adopted the federal Defense of Marriage Act, which defined marriage as “a legal union between one man and one woman” and affirmed the right of states to refuse recognition of same-sex marriages performed elsewhere.
The Health Care and Security Act of 1993, championed by President Clinton and Hillary Clinton, was abandoned when the 1994 mid-term elections saw Republicans returned to power in the House and the Senate.
Congress passed the Militia Act, an ineffectual attempt at conscription. The President was given power only to draft militia forces in states “with deficient or nonexistent conscription laws.” State militias were called up for no more than nine months. Militia quotas were based on the total population of the state. In August 1862 Secretary of War Stanton ordered a draft of 300,000 militia.
Congress passed the Second Confiscation Act, which extended the power of the Union military to free slaves in the Confederacy. The Union military granted freedom to blacks escaping to Union lines and enlisted them in ancillary positions.