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Glossary Term – Person
Joseph Hooker (1814–1879) was a Union general and commander of the Army of the Potomac during the Civil War. Hooker was appointed a brigadier general after the First Battle of Bull Run and took part in the major eastern campaigns of 1862. After the Union defeat at Fredericksburg, Lincoln appointed Hooker commander of the Army of the Potomac to replace General Ambrose Burnside. Hooker successfully reorganized the army, but he was an ineffectual commander. He was badly defeated by Confederate General Robert E. Lee at the Battle of...
James M. McPherson, George Henry Davis ’86 Professor of History at Princeton University and Pulitzer Prize winner, examines the Battle of Antietam and establishes that Antietam was a critical victory that ensured the continuance of Lincoln’s presidency, raised Northern morale, and enabled Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation.