The Battle of Rhode Island began on August 9, 1778, when 11,000 Continental line troops and militia crossed Howland’s Ferry to reinforce the state militia in preparation for an attack on the British in that state. Meanwhile, the French fleet under d’Estaing blocked the small naval force at Narragansett Bay. When a larger British fleet arrived to challenge the French, they prepared to do battle, but a hurricane (August 13–14) scattered the ships and severely damaged both fleets. The French sailed to Boston for repairs, leaving the Americans...
The Dominion of New England was a single province created by the 1686 merger of the English colonies of New England—Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island. The Dominion was created to give the monarchy greater power over colonial administration, but it was disbanded with the Glorious Revolution and Leisler’s Rebellion in 1689.
Lord Richard Howe (1726–1799) was the commander in chief of the Royal Navy in North America from 1776 to 1778. Howe initially tried to reconcile with the American colonies, refusing to impose harsh conditions or penalities upon the colonists. He failed to engage colonial-allied forces for most of his command. After the French entered the war in 1778, he prepared to engage D’Estaing’s fleet in Rhode Island, but a hurricane prevented the face-off. He returned to Great Britain in September 1778.
This newspaper article, printed in the Maryland Gazette on May 22, 1755, was originally published in London’s Gentlemen’s Magazine in January 1755 to drum up support for the French and Indian War. It demonstrates the British perspective on why this war was worth fighting. The anonymous author described the economic value of each of the American colonies, highlighting the commodities each produced.