Howard University professor Alain Locke published The New Negro, a landmark anthology of essays, poetry, and fiction by African American writers including Claude McKay, Langston Hughes, Nella Larsen, Jean Toomer, and others.
A riot broke out as a result of a police raid on a the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in New York City's Greenwich Village. Members of the gay community clashed with police over the next few days. The protests over mistreatment and oppression sparked a wider movement for gay rights.
Draft riots began in New York City. Black citizens and institutions were attacked in the worst mob violence in American history. Irish Catholic immigrantshad been incited by reports that Republicans wanted to free the slaves and bring them north to replace Irish workers. During four days of rioting, about 120 people were killed as mobs lynched at least a dozen African American men, destroyed draft offices, and burned and looted black neighborhoods and the homes of leading Republicans and abolitionists.
Terrorists associated with al-Qaeda detonated a car bomb in the basement of the North Tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. Six people were killed in the attack and more than 1,000 injured.
The New York City neighborhood of Harlem became a major cultural center for African Americans. Black artists, musicians, and writers based in Harlem created a social and artistic community, producing major works and challenging barriers created by Jim Crow.
Five days after the October 24 crisis, on Black Tuesday—October 29, 1929—the stock market experienced the greatest crash in its history. As soon as the stock exchange's gong sounded, a mad rush to sell began. Trading volume soared to an unprecedented 16,410,030 shares and the average price of a share fell 12 percent. This dive came with the convergence of economic problems of production, income, and credit. The crash destroyed the fortunes of brokers and speculators and set off a long period of economic panic. It also marked the beginning...