An alleged and unsubstantiated plot to burn down New York City, known as the Negro Conspiracy of 1741, prompted authorities to burn thirteen blacks alive, hang eight, and transport seventy-one out of the colony.
Howard University professor Alain Locke published The New Negro, a landmark anthology of essays, poetry, and fiction by African American writers including Claude McKay, Langston Hughes, Nella Larsen, Jean Toomer, and others.
A riot broke out as a result of a police raid on a the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in New York City's Greenwich Village. Members of the gay community clashed with police over the next few days. The protests over mistreatment and oppression sparked a wider movement for gay rights.
Draft riots began in New York City. Black citizens and institutions were attacked in the worst mob violence in American history. Irish Catholic immigrantshad been incited by reports that Republicans wanted to free the slaves and bring them north to replace Irish workers. During four days of rioting, about 120 people were killed as mobs lynched at least a dozen African American men, destroyed draft offices, and burned and looted black neighborhoods and the homes of leading Republicans and abolitionists.