John Ross (1790–1866) was a Cherokee chief with a Scottish father and Cherokee mother. He led the United States’ Cherokee allies against the Red Stick in the Creek War (1813–1814) and became a member of the national committee of the Cherokee Council in 1817. From 1828 until the Cherokee removal from Georgia in 1839, he was the tribe’s principal chief and led their fight against removal. He remained a chief until his death in 1866.
During the American Revolution, Savannah, Georgia, was a British stronghold in the South. The British captured Savannah in December 1778 and held it for the duration of the war despite a French and American attempt on the city in 1779. The British finally evacuated Savannah in July 1782.