General David Hunter issued his General Orders No. 11, which declared slaves in Georgia, Florida, and South Carolina free. Concerned with border states’ loyalty, Lincoln revoked the order ten days later.
William T. Sherman issues his Field Order No. 15, which set aside 400,000 acres of land confiscated from slaveholders in South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida for settlement by African Americans. President Andrew Johnson later returned confiscated land to its former owners, and thousands of African Americans were removed from land previously promised to them by the government.
In Atlanta, unsubstantiated reports of alleged attacks on white women sparked a days-long race riot. Thousands of white men and boys formed a violent mob in downtown Atlanta and marched through the city beating and murdering African Americans and attacking black homes and business. The riot highlighted the disparity between the reality of race relations in Atlanta and the city's image as the supposedly racially harmonious center of the “New South.”
The Confederate army under General Bragg won a major tactical victory over Union forces at Chickamauga, Georgia. The three-day battle resulted in 34,000 casualties combined between September 18 and 20.