‘A house divided against itself can not stand’ I believe this government can not endure permanently, half slave, and half free . . . I do not expect the Union to be dissolved - I do not expect the house to fall; but I do expect it will cease to be divided . . . Either the opponents of slavery will arrest the further spread of it, and put it in course of ultimate extinction; or its advocates will push it forward till it shall become alike lawful in all the states, old, as well as new.
The Underground Railroad was a secret network of anti-slavery sympathizers, including free blacks and Northern abolitionists, who defied the Fugitive Slave Act to help escaped slaves on to freedom in the North and Canada. The best-known of the Underground Railroad “conductors” was Harriet Tubman, who led about 300 Maryland slaves to freedom in Canada.
The Dixiecrat Party—or States’ Rights Democratic Party—was formed in 1948 by southern members of the Democratic Party who objected to the civil rights plank of the party platform. In the 1948 presidential election, the Dixiecrats nominated South Carolina Governor Strom Thurmond, who carried four states and thirty-nine electoral votes.
During the American Revolution, Savannah, Georgia, was a British stronghold in the South. The British captured Savannah in December 1778 and held it for the duration of the war despite a French and American attempt on the city in 1779. The British finally evacuated Savannah in July 1782.